Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti
Subhas Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897. He is considered as the most revered freedom fighter of India who built the first Indian armed force and named It as Azad Hind Fauj.
His famous slogan, Tum mujhe khoon do, main tumhe aazdi dunga, sparked patriotism in the hearts of many Indians during the fight for independence. Even today, these words don’t fail to inspire and move us.
We present to you 9 lesser-known yet inspiring facts about Subhas Chandra Bose, India’s Netaji:
1. Born in Odisha in the year 1897, Bose was exceptionally brilliant and secured top ranks throughout his study in school and university. He completed his BA in Philosophy with a first class score in 1918.
2. He cleared the Indian Civil Service examination in 1920 in England. Later, he resigned from his civil service job on April 23rd, 1921 after hearing about India’s struggle for freedom.
3. Earlier, Bose had been a leader of the younger radical wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s and 1930s, rising to become Congress President in 1938 and 1939. He was expelled from Congress leadership positions in 1939, following differences with Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi and the Congress high commandafter openly attacking the Congress’ foreign and internal policies.
4. During the period of 1921-1941, he was imprisoned eleven times in various jails due to his stand for complete independence.
5. Bose believed that Gandhi’s tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure independence and advocated violent resistance.
6. At the outset of the Second World War, he travelled to a number of countries, including Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, so as to seek alliance with each and to attack the British government in India. Later, he re-organised with Imperial Japanese assistance and led the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA), formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore and other parts of Southeast Asia, against the British forces.
7. With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, and regrouped and led the Indian National Army. Along with the Japanese army they brought independence to Andaman and Nicobar Islands and came all the way to Manipur in India.
8. On August 23, 2007, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited the Subhas Chandra Bose memorial hall in Kolkata. Abe said to Bose’s family, “The Japanese are deeply moved by Bose’s strong will to have led the Indian independence movement from British rule.”
9. He established the Azad Hind Radio station in Germany and led the Indian nationalist movement in East Asia.
Sharing the above information with the students during the online class apprised them about the contributions made by Netaji for India’s independence