Mahatma Gandhi’s Martyrdom
On 30th January, India observes Martyrs’ Day every year, to pay homage to honour the sacrifices made by Mahatma Gandhi and countless other brave Indians. This year, India is observing the 73rd death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 02, 1869, in Gujarat. After completing his early education, Gandhi ji went to London for further studies. He later went to South Africa on an assignment. After facing discrimination in South Africa, he returned to India in 1916 and lived his entire life for the freedom struggle. He introduced “ahimsa” to India and took on the mighty British with the non-violent protests.
Mahatma Gandhi made a conscious choice to search for nonviolent alternatives to take forward India’s struggle for independence. He is credited to be the leader who used non-violence as a political tool and means to achieve a political goal. The weapons that Mahatma Gandhi used in his struggle to independence were innovative methods to unite masses to stand up non-violently against the oppressive British colonialists. What makes this so unusual is how Mahatma Gandhi did not use counter violence as a method of resistance, but only non-violence. He believed that violence only resulted in a ‘temporary’ good.
Mahatma Gandhi was shot in Birla House compound in New Delhi at the age of 78 on January 30, 1948. He was killed by Nathuram Godse, who had opposed Gandhi ji’s views on the Partition of India.
Martyrs’ Day or Shaheed Diwas sees the President, Vice President, Prime Minister and Defence Minister gather at Mahatma Gandhi’s Samadhi at Raj Ghat. The top-most leaders of the country lay wreaths in remembrance of the Mahatma. They are joined by three service chiefs as well.
The above information was shared with the students during the online class to remember Gandhi ji on this day.