Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti

The following information was discussed with the students during the online class to commemorate Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is a Sikh festival that commemorates the birthday of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. He was the 10th Sikh Guru of Nanak. He was born at Patna in Bihar on December 22nd, 1666. His birthday sometimes falls either in December or January or even both the months in the Gregorian calendar. The annual celebrations of the Guru’s birthday are based on the Nanakshahi calendar. Guru Gobind Singh ji was the son of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji, who gave his life to protect religious freedom. He succeeded his father when he became a Guru at the age of nine . Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s teachings have a big impact on the Sikhs. In his lifetime, he stood against the Mughal rulers and fought against injustice. In 1699, Guru Gobind Singh Ji took five men from the lower caste of society and baptized them as His Five Beloveds, and endowing them with great courage and a devotion to God. It was his dedication to God, his fearlessness and his desire to protect the people from being oppressed that led Guru Gobind Singh Ji to establish the Khalsa, a military force of saint-soldiers which he baptized. Under Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s guidance and inspiration, the Khalsa followed a strict moral code and spiritual discipline. It was through his courage that the people rose against the oppression of the Mughal ruler in India at that time. Apart from being a spiritual and military leader, Guru Gobind Singh ji was also a gifted writer who penned a large body of literary work. Guru Gobind Singh ji was the last of the living Sikh Gurus, and before he left his earthly life in 1708, he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, which is Sikhism’s holy Scripture to be the eleventh and eternal Sikh Guru.